Raymond Lemieux Organic Chemistry

First to synthesize sucrose and many blood chemistry compounds

The Story

After obtaining his PhD, Lemieux went to Ohio State University to study the degradation of streptomycin. Lemieux first achieved fame for the synthesis of sucrose—ordinary sugar—in 1953. This is important because, though sugar is a simple carbohydrate, its three dimensional structure is crucial, and Lemieux perfected techniques that allowed him to synthesize molecules in their correct 3D configurations.

His second major contribution was pioneering work on configurational determination by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. He invented the olefin cleaving reagent with von Rudloff in 1955, and invented many other reagents throughout his career. He also made many discoveries concerning antibiotics, and started several research companies, including Chembiomed Ltd. (1977) with the University of Alberta. The other companies were R&L Molecular Research (1963) and Raylo Chemicals (1966). In 1973, he began his famous work on the synthesis of human blood group determinants, and in 1975 published the first synthesis of the B human system trisaccharide. He later synthesized the carbohydrate sequences for six different blood group determinants. These achievements are important to the chemistry of immunology. Lemieux’s current work deals with molecular recognition in biological processes. He has received numerous awards, including the Albert Einstein World Award in Science in 1992 and the Gairdner Foundation International Award in 1985.

Sources: Lemieux personal communication

The Person

Birthdate
June 16, 1920
Birthplace
Lac La Biche, Alberta
Date of Death
July 22, 2000
Place of Death
Edmonton, Alberta
Title
Chemist; University Professor Emeritus
Office
University of Alberta
Status
Deceased
Degrees
  • BSc., Chemistry, U. of Alberta, 1943
  • Ph.D., Organic Chemistry, McGill, 1946
Awards
  • Royal Society of London, 1967
  • Officer of the Order of Canada, 1994
  • King Faisal International Prize in Science, 1990
  • NSERC Gold Medal in Science, 1991
  • Alberta Einstein World Award in Science, 1992
  • Wolf Prize for Chemistry, 1999
Mentor
Reubin Sandin
Last Updated
November 22, 2005
Popularity
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Profile viewed 34549 times

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