Discovered that stem cells could be harvested from human adult skin and that they could be used to grow nerve cells that could potentially help people with spinal cord injuries or Parkinson's disease.
Soil scientist internationally recognized for his work on the effects of livestock grazing on rangeland soils, soil chemistry, and soil organic matter
Past Chair, Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies and key scientist in the current discussion on the ethical and social policy implications of genetic knowledge.
Researched and wrote the bird-watcher's bible "The Birds of Canada"
Research in condensed matter physics
One of the world's leading food scientists studying the structure of fats and oils
Pioneered work in heredity
Developed method to reclaim chlorinated fluorocarbons (CFC), which had been commonly used as refrigerants.
Neurobiologist who has used the common fruit fly as a model to study aging and human neurodegenerative diseases such as Lou Gehrig's disease and Alzheimer's.
Contributed to mineral and petroleum geology, encouraged women to pursue career in science
Discovered and named the protein calcitonin, for use in the treatment of bone disease
Molecular biologist; conducted pioneering research on the role genes play in the development of the mammalian embryo.
Fisheries scientist; discovered the effect of acid rain on fish and demonstrated climate cycles in Canada’s lakes and oceans.
World expert in asbestos chemistry and methods to make asbestos safer
Expert in laser and plasma physics
Psychiatrist, leader in brain research and in the causes and treatments of clinical depression
A pioneer in the field of chemical kinetics and activated-complex theory
Studies in atomic energy and nuclear physics
Brought pharmacology and genetics together into a subspecialty called pharmacogenetics
Discovered genetic variants of plasma cholinesterase
One of the finest metallurgical engineers of the twentieth century.
Biochemist: Developed the Michaelis-Menten equation for enzyme kinetics
Applied microchip technology to chemical analysis
One of the first female geologists allowed to work in the field by the Geological Survey of Canada and only the second woman to work as a geologist. The first was Alice Wilson.
Developed Hebb synapse and cell assembly theory
Internationally recognized expert in computational fluid dynamics,
Canada's first female head of a university engineering department
Developer of Mössbauer spectroscopy
Expert in the field of polychaete taxonomy
Studied Rh disease (erythroblastosis fetalis) and developed the serum which now prevents this illness worldwide
Created the Java programming language
Physician, geologist, chemist, inventor, professor, author: Invented kerosene oil and founded the modern petroleum industry
Physicist: Contributed to the theory of high temperature superconductors
Author of Classical Electrodynamics
One of Canada’s leading authorities in Quaternary and environmental earth sciences
Father of Canadian parasitology
Pioneered the measurements of gas-phase ion-molecule equilibria using mass spectrometry
One of the first researchers to isolate the organism which causes Kala-azar disease
Discoverer of key role that hyaluronic acid plays in cell migration, and mechanisms that start and stop cancer growth.
Wrote classic text on meteorological instruments, optics, and other books on the history of meteorology instrumentation.
Studied natural systems and the response of predators to prey
First to suggest that magnetic striping in the Earth's crust was produced by repeated reversals of the Earth's magnetic field
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