Discovered catalytic RNA, for which he won the Nobel Prize in 1989
One of Canada’s most distinguished neuroscientists, who studies mechanisms of synaptic transmission
International authority in veterinary virology and immunology
Discovered sex chromatin
Internationally recognized pioneer in integrated pest management and the application of biological techniques to pest control.
Top Canadian molecular biologist studying the genetics of fish populations
Father of the study of human coprolites
One of Canada's foremost soil scientists; made dryland farming more productive, profitable and sustainable
Inventor of the artificial cell
One of the first animal ecologists in the world and a world expert on lemmings
Endocrinologist who opened up a whole new branch of biology by discovering convertases, enzymes that cleave proteins to create biologically active chemicals such as hormones
One of the original patentees of insulin, and one of first to isolate parathyroid hormone
Discovered and named the protein calcitonin, for use in the treatment of bone disease
Pioneered biofilm microbiology
Lipid-based drug delivery systems
Ecologist who changed scientific understanding of natural and man-made ecosystems and their interactions
Contributed to our understanding of where mitochondria and chloroplasts came from by conducting experiments supporting the endosymbiont hypothesis. He has also demonstrated the importance of...
Soil scientist internationally recognized for his work on the effects of livestock grazing on rangeland soils, soil chemistry, and soil organic matter
The father of canola: a plant breeder who transformed rapeseed into an edible oilseed crop success story
Father of Canadian parasitology
One of the world’s foremost authorities on bats
One of the world's foremost experts on the molecular understanding of the ways bacteria infect their hosts
Researched BCG vaccine for tuberculosis, and infant leukemia
Developed a model for estimating fish populations using VPA (virtual population analysis)
World expert in the molecular regulation of inflammation and immunity
Wildlife biology and environmental design
Researched and wrote the bird-watcher's bible "The Birds of Canada"
Major contributions to our understanding of genome size.
Cloned the Nramp gene and the mdr gene
Unlocked secrets of how the embryos of fish, frogs and chicks form from a simple egg, and how this process changes over evolution.
Discovered the telomere clock
Developed Hebb synapse and cell assembly theory
Developed a species ID system called 'DNA barcoding', which uses a small DNA fragment to discriminate species.
Studied natural systems and the response of predators to prey
Famous for writing Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance (now in its fifth edition), a textbook used worldwide to teach ecology, and for his work on the Fence Effect.
Improved the resolution of radioautography
Ethnobotanist: World expert on airborne and allergenic pollen and famous for targeting medicinal plants in the tropical rain forest.
Discovered the T-Cell receptor, a key to the human immune system
Founded the famous Montreal Botanical Gardens
Discovered the cell growth switch
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