Armand Frappier Microbiology and Immunology

Researched BCG vaccine for tuberculosis, and infant leukemia

The Story

Frappier was Professor of bacteriology and chief of laboratories (Hôpital St.-Luc) at the Université de Montréal. He founded the first French language institute of hygiene in the world, l'Institut de microbiologie et d’hygiène de Montréal, renamed l'Institut Armand-Frappier in 1975.

Frappier studied tuberculosis and BCG (bacille Calmette-Guérin) vaccine. He was one of the first North Americans to confirm the safety and efficacy of BCG as a vaccine for tuberculosis and to develop ways to study and use it. He showed it also had preventative effects in cases of infant leukemia. In addition, he studied the mechanisms of infection and of resistance to certain infections.

Sources: The Canadian Encyclopedia 2000 ed.; Prix de Québec; Canadian Lung Association; Image: Armand Frappier Museum website.

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The Person

November 26, 1904
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Québec
Date of Death
December 17, 1991
Place of Death
Professor of bacteriology
University of Montréal
  • MD, 1930, Université de Montréal
  • MSc, 1931, Université de Montréal
  • Companion of the Order of Canada
  • Officer of the Order of the British Empire
  • Prix de Québec, 2000 (posthumously awarded)
Last Updated
April 8, 2015

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